Illinois Agricultural Impact Mitigation Agreement

Illinois Agricultural Impact Mitigation Agreement: Understanding its Significance

Agriculture has been an integral part of the Illinois economy for centuries. It has been providing food, fuel, and fiber while sustaining rural communities. However, the expansion of urban and suburban areas has led to a clash between agricultural and non-agricultural interests. To mitigate the adverse impacts of urbanization on agriculture, the state of Illinois has instituted the Agricultural Impact Mitigation Agreement (AIMA).

What is AIMA?

AIMA is a legal agreement between landowners, developers, and local governments to protect agricultural lands from the adverse effects of urbanization. It is also known as the “Farmland Protection Program.” The program is a win-win solution for both parties involved. It allows developers to build while preserving the quality of agricultural land, enabling farmers to continue their agricultural activities.

The Need for AIMA

Illinois is home to some of the most productive farmland in the world. The state’s agriculture sector contributes $19 billion annually to the economy, and it has been threatened by rapid urbanization. The expansion of urban and suburban areas leads to the conversion of agricultural land into residential, commercial, and industrial zones. This reduces the amount of land available for agriculture and makes it difficult for farmers to continue their operations. Additionally, urbanization increases the demand for services such as schools, hospitals, and police departments that cannot be met through agricultural taxes.

The AIMA program addresses this issue by providing a framework for local governments, developers, and landowners to protect agricultural land. This helps to maintain the productivity and economic benefits of agriculture while accommodating urban growth and development.

Benefits of AIMA

1. Preservation of Agricultural Lands

AIMA helps to protect agricultural land from development, ensuring that the land remains available for farming activities. This enables farmers to continue their operations, maintain their livelihoods, and contribute to the state’s economy.

2. Increased Revenue for Farmers

AIMA helps farmers secure a steady income by ensuring that their land remains productive. The program also provides financial incentives to farmers who enter into AIMA agreements.

3. Reduced Pressure on Infrastructure

AIMA helps to reduce the pressure on infrastructure such as schools, hospitals, and police departments. This is because it limits the development of residential, commercial, and industrial zones that increase the demand for these services.

4. Environmental Benefits

AIMA helps to preserve the natural environment by reducing the amount of land converted to non-agricultural purposes. This helps to maintain biodiversity, protect water resources, and reduce carbon emissions.


The Agricultural Impact Mitigation Agreement is a vital component of Illinois`s efforts to balance urban growth and agricultural preservation. It provides incentives for developers and farmers to work together to preserve agricultural lands while accommodating urbanization. The program`s benefits include maintaining the economic benefits of agriculture, increasing revenue for farmers, reducing pressure on infrastructure, and providing environmental benefits. AIMA is an excellent example of how public-private partnerships can be used to resolve conflicts between agricultural and non-agricultural interests.